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    Home > News

    Proposal from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to Amend Part of the Constitution: Ecological Civilization Written in the Constitution

    Source: Author: Time: 2018-02-26 Views: Times

    Proposal from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to Amend Part of the Constitution: Ecological Civilization Written in the Constitution

    Proposal from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to Amend Part of the Constitution: Ecological Civilization Written in the Constitution

    Proposal by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to amend some parts of the Constitution

    Standing Committee of the National People's Congress:

    According to the new situation and practice of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has proposed the following amendments to the contents of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China:

    I. In the seventh natural paragraph of the Constitution's Preamble, "under the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, and the Important Thought of the" Three Represents, "was amended to" under Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, and the "Three Represents" Under the guidance of important ideas, scientific development concepts, Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics ";" sound socialist legal system "was revised to" sound socialist rule of law ";" implement new development concepts "was added before" self-reliance and hard work " ; "Promote the coordinated development of material, political, and spiritual civilization, and build China into a prosperous, strong, democratic, and civilized socialist country" was changed to "promote the coordinated development of material, political, spiritual, social, and ecological civilization , Our country will become a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized, harmonious and beautiful socialist modern power, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation . " This natural paragraph was amended accordingly: "The victory of the Chinese New Democratic Revolution and the achievements of the socialist cause is the leadership of the Chinese people of all ethnic groups by the Communist Party of China. Under the guidance of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, adhere to the truth, correct mistakes, and overcome Many difficulties and obstacles have been obtained. Our country will be in the primary stage of socialism for a long time. The basic task of the country is to focus on socialist modernization along the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. People of all ethnic groups in China will continue to be led by the Communist Party of China. Guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the 'Three Represents', a scientific outlook on development, and Xi Jinping's new era of socialist thinking with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the people's democratic dictatorship, adhere to the socialist road, adhere to reform and opening up, and continue to improve Various socialist systems, the development of a socialist market economy, the development of socialist democracy, the improvement of the socialist rule of law, the implementation of new development concepts, self-reliance, and hard work, and gradually realize the modernization of industry, agriculture, national defense, science and technology, and promote Civilization, political civilization and spiritual civilization, social civilization, ecological civilization coordinated development, to build China into a prosperous, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern socialist country beautiful and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. "

    2. In the tenth natural paragraph of the Constitution's preamble, the words "in the long-term revolution and construction process" were amended to "in the long-term revolution, construction, and reform process"; "including all socialist workers, builders of socialist cause, and supporters The broad patriotic united front of socialist patriots and patriots who support the reunification of the motherland "was revised to include" all socialist workers, builders of socialist cause, patriots who support socialism, patriots who support the motherland's reunification, and commitment to China. The broad patriotic united front of the Patriots of the Great National Revival. " This natural paragraph was amended accordingly: "The socialist construction cause must rely on workers, peasants, and intellectuals to unite all forces that can be united. In the long process of revolution, construction, and reform, it has been formed under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. The extensive patriotic unity of all democratic parties and people's groups, including all socialist workers, builders of socialist cause, patriots who support socialism, patriots who support the motherland's reunification, and patriots who are committed to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation This united front will continue to be consolidated and developed. The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference is a widely representative united front organization that has played an important historical role in the past. It will be carried out in the country's political life, social life and foreign friendly activities in the future. Its important role will be further exerted in the struggle for socialist modernization and the maintenance of national unity and solidarity. The multi-party cooperation and political consultation system led by the Communist Party of China will exist and develop for a long time. "

    3. In the eleventh natural paragraph of the preamble to the Constitution, "Equality, solidarity, and mutual assistance of socialist ethnic relations have been established and will continue to be strengthened." Amended to read: "Equality, unity, mutual assistance, and harmonious socialist ethnic relations have been established and will continue to be strengthened. . "

    4. In the twelfth natural paragraph of the preamble to the Constitution, "the achievements of the Chinese revolution and construction are inseparable from the support of the people of the world" was changed to "the achievements of the Chinese revolution, construction, and reform are inseparable from the support of the people of the world" "China adheres to an independent foreign policy, adheres to the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-aggression, non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence" ";" Developing diplomatic relations and economic and cultural exchanges with other countries "was amended to" developing diplomatic relations and economic and cultural exchanges with various countries to promote the construction of a community of shared future for mankind ". This natural paragraph was revised accordingly: "The achievements of China's revolution, construction, and reform are inseparable from the support of the people of the world. China's future is closely linked to the future of the world. China adheres to an independent foreign policy, Adhere to the five principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-aggression, non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence, adhere to the path of peaceful development, adhere to the mutually beneficial and win-win open strategy, and develop diplomatic relations and economic and cultural exchanges with other countries. To promote the construction of a community of shared future for mankind; adhere to the opposition to imperialism, hegemonism, colonialism, strengthen unity with the peoples of the world, support the just struggle of oppressed nations and developing countries to fight for and maintain national independence and develop the national economy, and to safeguard the world Work for peace and the cause of human progress. "

    5. Article 1, paragraph 2 of the Constitution, "The socialist system is the fundamental system of the People's Republic of China." An additional sentence was added later, which read: "The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics."

    6. Article 3, paragraph 3 of the Constitution, "The state administrative organs, judicial organs, and procuratorial organs are all created by the people's congresses, are responsible for them, and are subject to their supervision." Amended as: "State administrative organs, supervisory organs, judicial organs, procuratorial organs The organs are created by the people's congress, are responsible for it, and are under its supervision. "

    7. Article 4 (1) of the Constitution states that "the state guarantees the legitimate rights and interests of all ethnic minorities, and safeguards and develops the equality, solidarity, and mutual assistance of all ethnic groups." Amended to read: "The state guarantees the legitimate rights of all ethnic minorities And interests, to maintain and develop the equality, solidarity, mutual assistance and harmonious relations among all ethnic groups. "

    8. In the second paragraph of Article 24 of the Constitution, "the state promotes the morals of loving the motherland, the people, labor, science, and socialism" to "the state advocates the core values of socialism, and advocates loving the motherland, the people, Love the morals of labor, science, and socialism. " This paragraph is amended accordingly: "The state advocates the core values of socialism, advocates the morals of loving the motherland, the people, labor, science, and socialism, and carrying out patriotism, collectivism, internationalism, and communism among the people. Education, education in dialectical materialism and historical materialism, against capitalist, feudal, and other decadent ideas. "

    9. Article 27 of the Constitution is added as a third paragraph: "State officials shall take public constitutional oaths in accordance with the law when they take office."

    10. Article 62 of the Constitution, "The National People's Congress exercises the following functions and powers", is added as the seventh item "(7) Election of the Director of the National Supervision Committee", and the seventh to fifteenth items are changed to eighth accordingly. Items to sixteenth.

    11. Article 63 of the Constitution, "The National People's Congress has the right to remove the following persons," is added as the fourth item "(4) Director of the State Supervisory Committee", and the fourth and fifth items are changed to "1." Five and six.

    12. Paragraph 4 of Article 65 of the Constitution "The members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress shall not hold the office of the state administrative organs, judicial organs and procuratorial organs." Amended as: "The members of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress They shall not hold the office of state administrative organs, supervisory organs, judicial organs and procuratorial organs. "

    13. Article 67 of the Constitution, "The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress exercises the following functions and powers", the sixth item "(6) Supervising the work of the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate" is amended to "(VI ) To supervise the work of the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the National Supervisory Committee, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate "; add one as the eleventh item" (11) on the request of the director of the National Supervision Committee, the appointment and removal of deputies "Director, member", corresponding to the eleventh to twenty-first paragraph to twelfth to twenty-second.

    14. Paragraph 3 of Article 79 of the Constitution, "Each term of office of the President and Vice-President of the People's Republic of China is the same as that of the National People's Congress, and the term of office shall not exceed two consecutive terms." The term of office of the Vice-President is the same as that of the National People's Congress. "

    15. Article 89 of the Constitution, "The State Council exercises the following functions and powers", the sixth item "(6) Leading and managing economic work and urban and rural construction" is amended to "(6) Leading and managing economic work, urban and rural construction, and ecological civilization construction. "; (8) Leading and managing civil affairs, public security, judicial administration and supervision and other work" was amended to "(8) Leading and managing civil affairs, public security, and judicial administration and other work".

    16. A new paragraph is added to Article 100 of the Constitution as the second paragraph: "The people's congresses and their standing committees of cities divided into districts conflict with different constitutions, laws, administrative regulations and local regulations of the province and autonomous region. Under the premise of the law, local regulations can be formulated in accordance with laws and regulations, and implemented after being submitted to the Standing Committee of the People's Congress of this province and autonomous region for approval. "

    17. The second paragraph of Article 101 of the Constitution states that "The local people's congresses at or above the county level elect and have the power to remove the president of the people's court at that level and the procurator of the people's procuratorate at the same level." Local people's congresses at all levels and above elect and have the right to remove the director of the supervisory committee at that level, the president of the people's court at that level, and the procurator of the people's procuratorate at that level. "

    18. Paragraph 3 of Article 103 of the Constitution states that "the members of the standing committees of local people's congresses at or above the county level shall not hold the office of the state administrative organs, judicial organs and procuratorial organs." Amended to: "County level The members of the standing committees of the local people's congresses at the above levels shall not hold the office of the state administrative organs, supervisory organs, judicial organs and procuratorial organs. "

    19. In Article 104 of the Constitution, "Supervising the work of people's governments at the same level, people's courts and people's procuratorates" was amended to "supervising the work of people's governments at the same level, supervisory committees, people's courts and people's procuratorates." This article was amended accordingly: "The standing committees of the local people's congresses at and above the county level discuss and decide on major issues in all aspects of their work in the administrative area; supervise the work of the people's governments, supervisory committees, people's courts and people's procuratorates at that level; Revoke inappropriate decisions and orders of people's governments at the corresponding level; revoke inappropriate resolutions of the people's congresses at the next lower level; decide on the appointment and removal of staff of state organs in accordance with the powers prescribed by law; Individual representatives of the people's congresses at the next higher level. "

    20. Article 107, Paragraph 1 of the Constitution, "Local people's governments at or above the county level shall manage economic, educational, scientific, cultural, health, sports, and urban and rural construction projects within their respective administrative areas in accordance with the powers prescribed by law. And administrative work such as finance, civil affairs, public security, ethnic affairs, judicial administration, supervision, family planning, issuing decisions and orders, appointing, removing, training, evaluating, rewarding and punishing administrative staff. Administer economic, educational, scientific, cultural, public health, sports, urban and rural construction and finance, civil affairs, public security, ethnic affairs, judicial administration, family planning and other administrative tasks within the administrative area in accordance with the authority prescribed by law, issue decisions and Orders, appointments, removals, training, assessments and rewards and punishment of administrative staff. "

    Twenty-one, a section is added to Chapter III of the Constitution, "State Institutions", as the seventh section of the "Supervisory Committee"; five articles are added as Articles 123 to 127, respectively. The contents are as follows:

    Section VII Supervisory Committee

    Article 123 The supervisory committees at all levels of the People's Republic of China are state supervisory organs.

    Article 124 The People's Republic of China establishes national supervisory committees and local supervisory committees at all levels.

    The supervisory committee is composed of:

    director,

    Several deputy directors,

    Several members.

    The term of office of the chairman of the supervisory committee is the same as that of the people's congress at the same level. The director of the State Supervisory Committee shall not serve for more than two consecutive terms.

    The organization and functions of the supervisory committee are prescribed by law.

    Article 125 The National Supervisory Committee of the People's Republic of China is the supreme supervisory authority.

    The National Supervisory Committee leads the work of local supervisory committees, and the higher-level supervisory committees lead the work of lower-level supervisory committees.

    Article 126 The State Supervisory Committee is responsible to the National People's Congress and the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Local supervisory committees at various levels are responsible to the state authority and supervisory committees at the next higher level.

    Article 127 The supervisory committee shall independently exercise its supervisory power in accordance with the law, and shall not be subject to interference by administrative organs, social organizations and individuals.

    Supervisory organs handling cases of duty violations and duty crimes shall cooperate with and restrain each other from judicial organs, procuratorial organs and law enforcement agencies.

    Section VII was correspondingly changed to section VIII, and Articles 123 to 138 were correspondingly changed to Articles 128 to 143.

    The above suggestions request the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress to propose a constitutional amendment bill in accordance with legal procedures, and submit it to the first meeting of the 13th National People's Congress for deliberation.

    Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

    January 26, 2018

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